The Berlin research consortium "Autonomy Despite Multimorbidity in Old Age" (AMA) was devoted to understand the conditions for autonomoy and quality of life when facing multiple chronic health impairments, disabilities and functional limitations in old age. The AMA consortium pursued the following goals: (a) Advancing methodologies suited to tap multimorbidity in old age, (b) analysing the links between multimorbidity and autonomy in old age, (c) transfer of research results in the everyday life of older people in order to support autonomy in old age. The research projects of the AMA consortium took into account different living conditions of women and men, their gender specific resources and life styles as well as differences between age groups.
Prof. Dr. Adelheid Kuhlmey (Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin)
Prof. Dr. Clemens Tesch-Römer (German Centre of Gerontology)
Prof. Dr. Matthias Riepe (Universität Ulm)
PREFER is a series of studies on the role of personal (individual) resources for maintaining autonomy and quality of life in older people with multiple illnesses.
During the first funding period, a total of 309 individuals aged 65 to 86 with multiple illnesses were examined at four measurement points over one year (more information: 1. Funding Period)
During the second funding period 2011-2014, we developed intervention modules to motivate and support older individuals with multiple illnesses in physical activity. These modules were evaluated in a randomized control trial with 310 individuals (more information: 2. Funding Period)
Research grant by Federal Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF)
PREFER was a cooperation between DZA (Deutsches Zentrum für Altersfragen) and the Department of Health Psychology, Freie Universität Berlin. PREFER was also a part of the AMA Research Consortium
The following scientific staff was involved in the project:
- Dr. Susanne Wurm (project management)
- Dr. Benjamin Schüz
- Dr. Lisa M. Warner; DZA and Freie Universität Berlin
- Dr. Jochen P. Ziegelmann, DZA
- Dr. Julia K. Wolff, DZA
- Prof. Dr. Clemens Tesch-Römer, DZA
- Prof. Dr. Ralf Schwarzer; Freie Universität Berlin
In the course of the project „Life Course, Ageing, and Well-Being“, the German Centre of Gerontology (DZA), the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP) at DIW Berlin, and the German Federal Pension Insurance (DRV Bund) have analyzed the future old-age incomes of the German baby boomers (born between 1956 and 1965) against the background of their changing employment and family biographies. Thereby, the life courses of the baby boomer cohort were contrasted with the life courses of two older cohorts: the war cohort (born between 1936 and 1955) and the post-war cohort (born between 1945 and 1956).
The project aimed to answer the following research questions:
To what extent are the life courses of the baby boomers marked by increasing pluralism and discontinuity?
How will these changes affect the life situation of the baby boomers in old age and especially their old age incomes?
A further crucial question is, how should old-age security systems be structured and re-structured in order to accommodate non-traditional life-course patterns appropriately.
In order to deal with these questions, information stemming from the data sets of the three co-operating institutions, namely Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP), Sample of Active Pension Accounts (VSKT) and German Ageing Survey (DEAS), was combined. Further, life courses of the baby boomers (and partly of the comparison cohorts) were projected into the future up to the age of 67.
Results show that the life courses of the baby boomer cohort differ considerably from those of the preceding cohorts. Taken as a whole, a distinct increase as to variety of employment and family employment patterns can be observed. Particularly in East Germany, employment biographies are commonly marked by discontinuity with comparably frequent or extended periods of unemployment. This development implies consequences for the old-age security. Particularly for East German men from the baby boomer cohort, lower pension entitlements as compared to the older cohorts can be expected
Responsible (DZA): Prof. Dr. Andreas Motel-Klingebiel, Dr. Laura Romeu Gordo, Dr. Julia Simonson, Prof. Dr. Clemens Tesch-Römer, Dr. Nadiya Kelle
Project duration: Apr 1, 2009 to Nov 30, 2012
- Frick, J. R., Grabka, M. M., Rasner, A., Schmidt, M., Schuth, M. & Westermeier, C. (2012). Familienbiographische Verläufe im Kohortenvergleich. [SOEPpapers 439]. Berlin: Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung.
- Grabka, M. M., & Rasner, A. (2013). Fortschreibung von Lebensläufen bei Alterssicherungsanalysen – Herausforderungen und Probleme. In C. Vogel & A. Motel-Klingebiel (Hrsg.), Altern im sozialen Wandel: Die Rückkehr der Altersarmut? (S. 387–406). Wiesbaden: Springer VS.
- Kelle, N., Simonson J., & Romeu Gordo, L. (2012). Veränderte Erwerbsverläufe von Männern in Ost- und Westdeutschland: Ein Vergleich der Babyboomer mit älteren Kohorten. ifo Dresden berichtet 19(03), 24–29.
- Rasner, A., Frick, J. R. & Grabka, M. M. (2013). Statistical Matching of Administrative and Survey Data, an application to wealth inequality analyses. Sociological Methods and Research. Published online 1 May 2013. DOI: 10.1177/0049124113486622.
- Rasner, A., Frick, J. R., & Grabka, M. M. (2011). Extending the Empirical Basis for Wealth Inequality Research Using Statistical Matching of Administrative and Survey Data. [SOEPpapers 359]. Berlin: Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung.
- Rasner, A. (2013). Geschlechtsspezifische Rentenlücke – Reformen müssen im Erwerbsleben ansetzen. DGB Infobrief 1/2013.
- Simonson, J., Kelle, N., Romeu Gordo, L., Grabka, M. M., Rasner, A., & Westermeier, C. (2012). Babyboomer – Mehr Brüche im Erwerbsleben, weniger Rente. Ostdeutsche Männer um 50 müssen mit geringeren Renten rechnen. DIW Wochenbericht 79(23); 3–13.
- Simonson, J., Romeu Gordo, L., & Kelle, N. (2012). Statistical Matching of the German Aging Survey and the Sample of Active Pension Accounts as a Source for Analyzing Life Courses and Old Age Incomes. Historical Social Research 37, 185–210.
- Simonson, J., Romeu Gordo, L. & Kelle, N. (2011). The Double German Transformation: Changing Male Employment Patterns in East and West Germany. SOEPpapers 391.
- Simonson, J., Romeu Gordo, L. & Titova, N. (2011). Changing employment patterns of women in Germany: How do baby boomers differ from older cohorts? A comparison using sequence analysis. In M.P. Cutchin, C.L. Kemp & V.W. Marshall (Hrsg.), Researching Social Gerontology. Fundaments of Applied Research (Vol. 3: Social Institutions, the Lifecourse and Ageing (S. 201–234). Thousand Oaks: Sage.
- Simonson, J., Romeu Gordo, L., & Titova, N. (2011). Changing employment patterns of women in Germany: How do baby boomers differ from older cohorts? A comparison using sequence analysis. Advances in Life Course Research 16(2), 65–82.
- Westermeier, C., Rasner, A., & Grabka, M. M. (2012). The Prospects of the Baby Boomers: Methodological Challenges in Projecting the Lives of an Aging Cohort. [SOEPpapers 440]. Berlin: Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung.
The publication „Health in Old Age“ is a joint project of the Robert Koch Institute, DESTATIS, and the German Centre of Gerontology. The goal of this publication is to present data and analyses not only for different actors in policy, science and the public health and care system but also for the general public. Data from German and European sources will be used in an attempt of comprehensive social reporting to this topic.
The project GeroStat was a statistical online system. It comprised demographic and gerontological statistical data from various sources, most notably official statistics (for topics such as demographic characteristics, health status, mortality, socio-economic charactersitics, social security) as well as the DZA-projects German Ageing Survey (DEAS, for numerous topics concerning living conditions of people in the second half of their life) and the German Survey on Volunteering (FWS, for topics related to voluntary activities).
GeroStat provided users with a free of charge analysis of these indicators by age groups and over long time-series. Additionally, it contained context information for all indicators.
GeroStat has not been updated since November 2020 and is not available online anymore. The digital object identifier for GeroStat is https://www.dza.de/forschung/fdz/gerostat-doi.
The following scientific staff was involved in the project:
The project "Sustainable Support of Elder Engagement" analysed structures at the level of Länder (German states) and municipalities which enable or hinder volunteering and engagement of old persons. The project was funded by the German Federal Ministry of Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women, and Youth (BMFSFJ). This project was embedded in the framework of the larger consortium “Experience and Knowledge for Initiatives” (BMFSFJ).
Goal of this project was to expert statements regarding the living conditions of older migrants in Berlin and in Germany („Older migrants in Berlin“, „Older migrants in Germany”). Both statements relate perspectives from sociology of migration with perspectives from social gerontology in order to give recommendations for migration, health, and care policies. The expert statements are available in German only.
Between February 2000 and March 2004 the international comparative research project OASIS had been conducted by partners from Israel, Norway, England, Germany, and Spain. The main objectives of the OASIS project were to explore how family cultures and service systems support autonomy and delay dependency in old age, to promote quality of life, and to improve the basis for policy and planning. The OASIS project aimed to add to current scientific debates on family solidarity and conflict, norms and values in areas such as preferences for care, use of services, coping strategies and quality of life. More precisely, the project examined how these concepts can be measured and predicted under different societal macro conditions, such as welfare regimes and family cultures. The OASIS project provides a knowledge base which can help to enhance the quality of life of elders and their family caregivers. It showed how family roles, service systems and individual styles of coping interact and influence the quality of life in old age. The project also demonstrated how different family cultures and welfare systems promote quality of life and delay dependency in old age. In summary, the OASIS project scientifically studies older people's quality of life, analyzing the balance between family care and service systems and their relation to welfare regimes. It describes variations in family norms, expectations and transfer behaviour across age groups and between countries, and examines the individual's and family's coping strategies when an elderly parent is at risk of becoming dependent.